For the background to my writing challenge, please read my first blog by clicking the following link – http://wp.me/p1x6Ui-4. If you would prefer to dive straight into note 64, then please read on…
Adjectives and commas
According to Graham King in his book Collins Improve Your Punctuation, if the adjectives in your sentence “define separate attributes” e.g. abrupt, rude, opinionated, then you would separate them by a comma. On the other hand you wouldn’t separate them with a comma if the adjectives “work together to create a single image” e.g. large concrete shed. Some examples are below:
- My next door neighbour is a tall, clever and rich person (these are all separate attributes, so the first two are split by commas)
- There is a brown African drum in my living room (these adjective work together more, so no comma is required)
Tips from the experts
As this seems a little ambiguous, I’ve included a few tips from the experts:
- The book Collins Improve Your Punctuation explains that “One way to deal with the ambiguity problem is to imagine an and between the adjectives; if an and can be inserted and still makes sense, then a comma can normally be subsituted.”
- Bernard C. Lamb in his book The Queen’s English says “if you employ a series of adjectives, use commas between adjectives where the sense is and”.
Which of the following sentences do you think should have commas separating the adjectives (shown in bold)?
Q1. In our garden there is a large concrete shed
Q2. There is a small blue van outside our house
Q3. The girl had soft brown hair
Q4. There are a lot of bees in our pretty tidy garden
As usual, the answers can be found at the end of this blog.
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Graham King The Collins Improve your Punctuation, UK
Bernard C. Lamb The Queen’s English (2010), UK
For Q1, 2 and 3, the adjective appear to work together so I wouldn’t separate them with commas.
For Q4, this sentence could have two meanings a ‘pretty tidy’ garden (fairly tidy garden) or a pretty, tidy garden (pretty and tidy garden). It would therefore require a comma if the garden was pretty and tidy, as these are two separate attributes.