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conjunctions, Preposition

Note 125 – Prepositions v conjunctions


Although I’ve blogged about prepositions and conjunctions before, this blog is to clear up any confusions between the two.

Preposition: the Collins English Dictionary & Thesaurus defines preposition as a “word marking relation between noun or pronoun and other words”.  Bernard C Lamb in The Queen’s English explains that prepositions “usually occur before the noun or pronoun to which they apply, relating that word to some other part of the sentence”.  The Oxford A-Z of Grammar & Punctuation by John Seely adds that prepositions also occur before a verbal noun (e.g. without sitting) and a noun phrase (e.g. on the final day) with ‘without’ and ‘on’ being the preposition words.

Other examples of preposition words: at, of, to, beside, with, until, after, over, up etc.

Conjunction: The Collins English Dictionary & Thesaurus defines conjunction as a “part of speech joining words, phrases etc”.  Examples: and, or, but etc.    

So, what does that all mean and how would they look in sentences? 

Focusing on prepositions

  • I am going to London
  • They pond was full of water

In the above, the words ‘to’ and ‘of’ are both prepositions relating to the nouns ‘London’ and ‘water’.

Focusing on conjunctions

  • Sammy’s favourite colour is red and Ben’s is blue
  • I know that you are going to make sandwiches but I don’t like cheese
  • Apples and pears

In the above, the words ‘and’ and ‘but’ are conjunctions joining the two phrases or words together.

An example of prepositions and conjunctions together

Jo is looking at him and Jack is looking at her

In this sentence, ‘at’ is a preposition (relating to the pronouns ‘him’ and ‘her’) and ‘and’ is a conjunction joining the two phrases together.

For more about conjunctions (in particular, coordinating and subordinating conjunctions) see note 43 http://wp.me/p1x6Ui-8m, note 45 http://wp.me/p1x6Ui-8I and note 46 http://wp.me/p1x6Ui-8Q.

Early posting today as I am partying in London tonight!  Don’t forget that you can subscribe to receive my daily blogs by email so that you don’t miss any. Just click ‘sign me up’ on the home page. Alternatively you can follow my blogs on Twitter http://twitter.com/#!/madeirasandra or my new Tips and Luxuries Facebook page. Requests for future blogs (punctuation/grammar/writing tips) are always welcome.

Until tomorrow…

Sandra

My writing challenge: http://wp.me/p1x6Ui-4

This blog: https://mywritingnotebook.wordpress.com

My other blog: http://sandramadeira.wordpress.com

My website: www.tipsandluxuries.com (includes the introduction to my upcoming book ‘A Gift for Stressed and Busy Parents’)

Twitter: @madeirasandra and @tipsandluxuries

Reference list:

The Collins English Dictionary & Thesaurus

Bernard C. Lamb The Queen’s English (2010), UK

Oxford A-Z of Grammar & Punctuation by John Seely

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About Sandra Madeira

I am a full-time working mum with a passion for writing and inspiring others. Please let me know what you think of my blog - constructive comments welcome. Have a great day Sandra Freelance Writer www.sandramadeira.com

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  1. Pingback: Note 165 – ‘between you and me’ v ‘between you and I’ « My writing challenge - October 12, 2011

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